SFU: Climate change may impact kelp’s ability to reproduce
Marine heat waves may be impacting one of the ocean’s major sources of food and shelter for sea life—kelp.
A recent study by SFU post-doctoral student Jordan Hollarsmith published in the Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology examined how giant kelp respond to increasingly warm and acidic oceans. Researchers found that in lab settings, high-latitude kelp completely failed to reproduce when stressed by heat.
Hollarsmith, who undertook the research as a graduate student at UC Davis, is now applying her expertise at Simon Fraser University, where she is working with biology chair and professor Isabelle Coté on strategies for managing stressors on kelp in the Salish Sea off B.C.’s southern coast. The researchers are bringing together various experts on local kelp, from scientists to First Nations groups, and will also work to determine what management actions might mitigate similar impacts on Salish Sea kelp.
“Ecologically speaking, kelp habitats up and down the Pacific coast are important as they form habitats for many different species,” says Hollarsmith. “These species are critical not only as food sources for other species, but for various industries including fisheries and even tourism.”
Hollarsmith’s initial research grew from her interest in how giant kelp responded to a 2014 marine heat wave that brought higher ocean temperatures to much of the northeast Pacific Ocean. Though anomalously high for higher latitudes, these temperatures were fairly normal for the Southern California Bight. Her investigation focused on why much of the northern kelp died while the southern kelp survived.
Her team examined giant kelp populations in both regions, as well as further south around Chile, by exposing the kelp to various temperatures and pH levels in a lab setting. They carried out their research at the UC Davis Bodega Marine Lab and at the Universidad de Los Lagos Instituto Marino (Puerto Montt, Chile).
“We found more resistance to elevated temperatures, with developmental failure in the early stages among high-latitude and Chilean populations, suggesting a greater vulnerability to climate-warming events,” she says.
She hopes the results will help to enhance our ability to predict how projected declines in ocean pH and increases in ocean temperature might trigger population extinctions and ecosystem range shifts.
About Simon Fraser University:
As Canada’s engaged university, SFU works with communities, organizations and partners to create, share and embrace knowledge that improves life and generates real change. We deliver a world-class education with lifelong value that shapes change-makers, visionaries and problem-solvers. We connect research and innovation to entrepreneurship and industry to deliver sustainable, relevant solutions to today’s problems. With campuses in British Columbia’s three largest cities – Vancouver, Burnaby and Surrey – SFU has eight faculties that deliver 193 undergraduate degree programs and 127 graduate degree programs to more than 35,000 students. The university now boasts more than 160,000 alumni residing in 143 countries.
Jordan Hollarsmith, postdoctoral fellow, Department of Biological Sciences, 415.527.6484, firstname.lastname@example.org
Shradhha Sharma, University Communications, 604.202.2504, email@example.com